Updated on July 7, 2015
Revealed: An Overview of Liposuction and Its Benefits
Variously referred to as body contouring, liposuction is a popular type of cosmetic surgery that involves the removal of excess body fat by suction and using special surgical equipment. It is typically performed by a plastic surgeon and removes unwanted deposits of excess fat in order to smooth distorted or irregular body shapes and improve body appearance. So Des Moines IA liposuction may be ideal for contouring under the neck, chin, upper arms, cheeks, abdomen, breasts, hips, buttocks, knees, thighs, ankle areas, and calves.
There are 4 types of liposuction procedures namely:
1. 1. Tumescent liposuction
Also referred to as fluid injection, this is, arguably, the most common type of liposuction and involves injecting large amounts of medicated solution into the targeted areas before fat is removed. The fluid is usually a mixture of an intravenous (IV) salt solution, a drug that contracts blood vessels (epinephrine), and a local anesthetic (lidocaine). The epinephrine in the solution helps in reducing the amount of blood lost while lidocaine helps to numb the area before and after surgery. Lastly, the IV solution helps in removing fat more easily before it is suctioned out.
2. 2. Ultrasound-assisted liposuction (UAL)
This uses ultrasound vibrations to liquefy the targeted fat cells after which they are vacuumed out. UAL can either be performed internally (below the skin’s surface with a small canula) or externally (above the skin’s surface using a special emitter). This technique is vital in removing fat from fibrous, dense areas of the body such as enlarged male breast tissue or the upper back.
3. 3. Super-wet technique
This is similar to tumescent liposuction except that the amount of fluid used is equal to the amount of fat to be removed. And while this technique takes less time, it often requires sedation, with general anesthesia or an IV.
4. 4. Laser- assisted liposuction (LAL)
LAL makes use of laser energy in order to liquefy fat cells after which they can be allowed to drain through small tubes or vacuumed out. Because the canula used in this procedure is smaller than that used in traditional liposuction, surgeons prefer applying this procedure in confined areas.
Special instruments called canulas and a liposuction machine are used in this procedure. To begin with, a surgical team prepares the areas in your body that are due for treatment. Then, you will receive general or local anesthesia before a suction tube with a sharp end is inserted through a small skin incision and into the fat pockets where it is swept through the area where the fat is to be removed.
The dislodged fat is then vacuumed away through a suction tube, with a large syringe or vacuum pump providing the suction action. Since several skin punctures may be required to treat large areas, the surgeon may approach the affected areas from different directions in order to get the best contour. Following fat removal, small drainage tubes may be inserted into the now defatted areas to remove fluid and blood that may collect, especially in the days following the surgery. Your surgeon may also recommend a compression garment which should be worn as instructed.
Why liposuction is performed
Some of the reasons why people are interested in liposuction procedures include:
1. Cosmetic reasons, including abnormal chin lines, fat bulges, or ‘love’ handles.
2. Body shaping for those who are bothered by irregularities or fatty bulges that cannot be removed by exercise and/or diet.
3. Improving sexual function by reducing abnormal fat deposits that are found on the inner thighs, therefore, allowing for easier access to the vagina.